Colours schemes are colour combined together which when used together evoke a certain thought or feeling. Colour schemes are aesthetic combinations of colours and a major component of a good design or a piece of art. In entrance exams too, colour schemes play a vital role in the markings. Apart from what is drawn or painted, a major part is devoted to the colours used.
Thus, choosing a right combination becomes very important. Majorly, colour schemes come to the human mind naturally, but yes, there are some rules to it like the yellows, reds and oranges form the “warm colour”. Similarly, greens, blues violets form the “cool colours”. Therefore knowledge of these basics is quiet necessary. Colour schemes are made up of a minimum of 2 colours and further there can be a range of colours depicting the same feeling! Like a text in black over a white background is a default colour scheme for web design.
The various colour schemes are:
- Monochromatic colour scheme-Consists of different values (tints and shades) of a single colour. These colour schemes can be very effective, soothing and authoritative.
- Analogous colour scheme- Colours that are adjacent to each other on the colour wheel. Some examples are green, yellow green, and yellow or red, red violet and violet. The combination of these colours gives a bright effect in the area, and are able to accommodate many changing moods. One should make sure there is one hue as the main colour. This scheme gives an overall confidant and coordinated feel.
- Complementary colour scheme- colours that are opposite each other on the color wheel, such as blue and orange, red and green, purple and yellow. Complementary colour schemes have a more energetic feel. The high contrast between the colours creates a vibrant look.
- Split-analogous colour scheme-An analogous colour scheme includes a main colour and the two colours one space away from it on each side of the colour wheel. An example is red, violet, and blue. Such schemes are quiet interesting and accommodate different colours smartly as to emphasise on all.
- Split-complementary colour scheme-A split complementary colour scheme includes a main colour and the two colours on each side of its complementary (opposite) colour on the colour wheel.
- Triadic colour scheme -The triad colour scheme is three colours on the colour wheel in a triangle. Example: Orange, Purple, and Green. All colours get equal importance. However, having yellow, blue and red altogether can be very striking.
- Tetrads colour scheme - Tetrads are any four colours with a logical relationship on the colour wheel, such as double complements.
- Neutral colour scheme - A colour scheme that includes only colours not found on the colour wheel, called neutrals, such as beige, brown, gray, black and white
- Accented neutral colour scheme - A colour scheme that includes neutral colours, like white, beige, brown, gray, light brown or black, and one or more small doses of other colours (e.g. brown and beige with blue, gray and black with red).
- Warm and cool colour schemes-Warm colour schemes do not include blue at all, and likewise, cool colour schemes do not include red at all.