Gabrielle "Coco" Bonheur Chanel was born on 19 August 1883. She was a French fashion designer and who creator a niche for herself.
Chanel at the start of her career wanted to be a stage artist. She made her debut as a singer. Chanel acquired the name Coco from there, which was probably it formed a part of her two songs. However later, she began working as a modiste (hat maker). Chanel's modiste career bloomed once theatre actress ‘Gabrielle Dorziat’ modelled her hats in the F Noziere's play Bel Ami in 1912. Subsequently, Dorziat modelled her hats again in Les Modes.
In 1913, Chanel opened a boutique in Deauville where she started with casual and leisure clothing. There was no stopping for her after that, she opened more boutiques and thus, emerged as a couturier.
Chanel had a rough personal life but she was a strong woman of will. She was the only fashion designer to appear on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Along with Paul Poiret, Chanel was credited with liberating women from the constraints of the "corseted silhouette" and popularizing the acceptance of a sportive, casual chic as the feminine standard in the post-World War I era. A prolific fashion creator, Chanel's influence extended beyond couture clothing. Her design aesthetic was realized in jewellery, handbags, and fragrance. Her signature scent, Chanel No. 5, has become an iconic product.